River otter dens are along the water in abandoned burrows or empty hollows. They can thrive in any water habitat, such as ponds, marshes, lakes, rivers, and estuaries—in cold, warm, or even high-elevation areas—as long as the habitat provides adequate food. However, recent surveys suggest that the otter population is recovering well and recolonising parts of its former range. Common otters are piscivorous, meaning they … Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. These sites are protected under the Conservation of Habitats and Species … Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. Eurasian otters feed mainly on fish. Most otters live in dens — built by other animals, such as beavers — that are dug into the ground that have many channels and dry inner chambers. Brighton Store Now Open. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. The otter is lithe and slender with short legs, a strong neck, and a long flat tail that helps propel it gracefully through water. Sofas, Furniture & More. Fishing - there is a perceived conflict with angling/fishing that can result in the deliberate killing of otters. Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates.Lutrinae is a branch of the Mustelidae family, which also includes weasels, badgers, mink, and wolverines, among other animals. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as a ‘holt’. There is evidence that in certain parts of the UK the otter is extending its range and may be increasing locally. The site provides the full range of marine and freshwater requirements necessary for, Sunart supports a relatively high density of, Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd, Pembrokeshire Bat Sites and Bosherston Lakes/ Safleoedd Ystlum Sir Benfro a Llynnoedd Bosherston, Pen Llŷn a'r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau, River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid. They are expert swimmers and spend much of their time hunting for prey in water, where they catch mainly fish and invertebrates. Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. © Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Monkstone House, City Road, Peterborough, PE1 1JYTel: 01733 562626 Fax: 01733 555948. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. <>>> The otter is well suited to a life on the water as they have webbed feet, dense fur to keep them warm and can close their ears and nose when underwater. endobj Sea otters are found in two areas: The Pacific coasts of Russia and Alaska, and along the central California coast. Their diet in the wild is crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish. Sea otters are social animals, usually found in groups, called rafts. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). Historically, otters Lutra lutra occurred over most of the UK. Volunteers can help monitor otter populations for wildlife charities. The last release of captive bred otters was in 1999. Otters do not have a fixed breeding season, but most births occur in winter or spring. As well as a known high density of otters, sites selected have good quality habitat features necessary for feeding and breeding. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. They are important sites for birds and other wildlife. Fish is their most preferred choice of food in Mediterranean and temperate freshwater habitats. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. Recent research has demonstrated that this approach has also ensured good coverage of the main lines of genetic variation in British otters. Prior to the 1950s, otters were common throughout Sussex on all river catchments. They are able to stay well hidden in these types of environments which makes them less like to fall victim to a variety of predators on land. This is the smallest otter species being only about 11 lbs. The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality otter Lutra lutra habitat in north-west England. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Otters can see as well under water as they can above it, allowing them to hunt for fish. The cause was the combined effects of water pollution, habitat destruction and persecution, including hunting. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. Surveys have indicated that the, The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality, The River Eden provides an example of lowland, This large river system contains extensive water and riparian habitat suitable for, The Wye holds the densest and most well-established, This island contains numerous freshwater lochs and lochans at a range of altitudes from near sea level to over 400 m, a wide range of small rivers and streams, and an extensive area of coastline. They do live in large family groups. Inland populations utilise a range of running and standing freshwaters. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. They are often mistaken for beavers though. <> Otters are a semi-aquatic mammal and a member of the Mustelid family (the same family as badgers and weasels.) According to the scientific resources, the total population size of European otters in Belarus is around 12, 000 individuals and in Sweden - 500-1000 individuals. The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. Otters have returned to every county in England in a turnaround of their fortunes which once saw them on the brink of extinction. stream 1 0 obj Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access. Introduction to Otters. Otter information, Habitat, Feeding, Anatomy, Reproduction, Predators Facts about Sea Otter, Giant Otter, European Otter, African Otter and River Otter. This otter is found in coastal areas and on larger inland rivers … Version 2 . There are also a number of smaller, higher altitude lochans within the site and numerous small streams which hold salmonid fish. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. 3: Know your companions. 2: Prioritise species safety. 8��v�*��U�DҚ��T2����_*%��U�I1��� h�1&�/����z���d7���Zj�5I�b�/��/�Q���؏��yI U�.U0�S翜ʓ+E���W�ߓ � Deze soort heeft het grootste verspreidingsgebied van de otters en komt voor in een groot gedeelte van Europa en Azië The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. Habitat. 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