Most of the emigrants to Israel between 1948 and 1955 were from the community of black Jews and brown Jews; they are known as Cochini in Israel. [50] The caste system became prevalent in Kerala later than any other parts of India after fourth and fifth century AD. [8] Based on 1951 census of displaced persons, 7,226,000 Muslims went to Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan Hindus, who make up over half the population of the state, form the largest religious community in Kerala. According to figures of the religion census of 2011, yet to be officially released, Hindus comprised 78.35 per cent of the total population of 121.05 crore, compared with 80.45 per cent of the total population in 2001. Temples in Kerala follow elaborate rituals and traditionally only priests from the Nambudiri caste could be appointed as priests in major temples. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Hinduism has a number of sacred writings, such as the Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas which outline how its followers should conduct their lives. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. Religious groups which have work participation rate above the national average in descending order are Other religions (48.4 per cent), Buddhists (40.6 per cent), Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; David de Beth Hillel, 1832; Lord, James Henry 1977. Like elsewhere, Hindus worship many divinities (gods and goddesses), the most important being - Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara (Siva) - thecreator, the preservator and destroyer. Malayali Muslim women are now not reluctant to join professional vocations and assuming leadership roles. 18% … Later in the 16th century many Jews from Portugal and Spain settled in Cochin. The Jews and Arabs were the pioneers in spice trade.he Islam religion was spread through these traders who came from Middle East. District wise population of Kerala. Miller, Roland. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. The community included famous families such as the Hirjis or Marshalls. As per available data, nearly 69% of Kerala population followed Indic religions, predominantly Hinduism in 1901. The population of India was counted as 361,088,090 (1:0.946 male:female)[3] Total population increased by 42,427,510, 13.31% more than the 318,660,580 people counted during the 1941 census. [37] According to tradition, Saint Thomas the Apostle visited Muziris in Kerala in the first century in 52 AD and proselytized some then settled Jewish family[38][39] and the natives became Marthoma Nasranis or Saint Thomas Christians. EMBED. The Marthoma Nasranis back then also has the role of pollution neutralizers ie.,if a lower caste person hand over a substance to a Nasrani and if he in turn gives it to an upper caste, say for example Brahmin, then there would be no pollution for that Brahmin.[51]. The communities arrival was recorded on the Thomas of Cana copper plates which existed in Kerala until the 17th century after which point they were taken to Portugal by the Franciscan Order. 1951 Indian census showed that there were 8.3 million Christians. The only verifiable historical evidence about the Kerala Jews goes back only to the Jewish Copper Plate Grant of Bhaskara Ravi Varman in 1000 AD. Issues such as widespread poverty, unemployment and educational backwardness began to change. The following Chart shows how the census questionnaire, the primary tool of census operations had been developed from census to census taking into account the changing needs of the country. Miller, E. Roland. In the census preceding that (in 1951), Kerala’s female-male ratio was already as high as 1.028, and in the subsequent censuses we see some variations in that ratio—falling to 1.022 in 1961 and to 1.016 in 1971, before rising again to 1.032 in 1981 and to 1.040 in the 1991 census. Later Britishers too were tolerant. Different religions followed by different people living in different parts […] Adi Shankara was a Hindu philosopher who contributed to Hinduism and propagated philosophy of Advaita. "Mappila Muslim Culture" State University of New York Press, Albany (2015); p. xi. Since the 1960s, only a few hundred Jews (mostly white Jews) remained in Kerala with only two synagogues open for service: the Pardesi Synagogue in Matancherry built in 1567 and the synagogue in Parur. Some of the most notable temples are:Thrissur Vadakkunnathan Temple, Guruvayur Temple, Thriprayar Temple, Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple, Thiruvananthapuram Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple, Chottanikkara Temple, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple, Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple, Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Mannarasala Temple, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Thiruvalla Sreevallabha Temple, Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple, Parumala Panayannarkavu Temple, Sree Poornathrayesa Temple, Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple, Trikkur Mahadeva Temple, Manalarkavu Devi Temple and Rajarajeshwara Temple. Kunhali, V. "Muslim Communities in Kerala to 1798" PhD Dissertation Aligarh Muslim University (1986). Religion is a very important characteristic of the Indian population and Indian masses are religious par excellence. [5], Islam arrived in Kerala, a part of the larger Indian Ocean rim, via spice and silk traders from the Middle East. ADVERTISEMENTS: Religion is a way of life in India and it affects the social, economic and political structure of society. [1] It is also the first census after independence and Partition of India. [20][21] Muslim merchant magnates owning ships, spread their shipping and trading business interests across the Indian Ocean. [34], Some of the Jain temples in Kerala were taken over by the Hindus at a later stage. [3][4], Hindus constitute the majority in all districts except Malappuram, where they are outnumbered by Muslims. No_Favorite. Like Brahmins they were allowed to sit in front of Kings, ride on horse or elephants, to collect taxes. 1987 pp. Further schism and rearrangements led to the formation of the other Indian Churches. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Buddhism probably flourished for 200 years (650-850) in Kerala. [12][13] Notable has been the occurrence of Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin, the Hindu King that moved to Arabia to meet the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. 1. Population of Tamil speakers in 1951 Census: 26,546,764 (7.43% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2001 Census of India – 62,405,679; Population of Tamil speakers in 2001 Census: 60,793,814 (6.26% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2011 Census … Muslim Population in Kerala is 88.73 Lakhs (26.56 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". He was instrumental in establishing four mathas at Sringeri, Dwarka, Puri and Jyotirmath. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. Jainism, one of the three most ancient Indian religious traditions still in existence, has very small presence (0.01%) in Kerala, in south India. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. [34] A number of images of Mahavira, Padmavati, and Parsvanatha have been recovered from Kerala. These Jews were called white Jews as opposed to the native black Jews. [25] The subsequent partisan rule of English East India Company authorities brought the land-less Muslim peasants of Malabar District into a condition of destitution, and this led to a series of uprisings (against the Hindu landlords and British administration). They destroyed the Jewish settlement in kodungallur and sacked the Jewish town in Cochin and partially destroyed the famous Cochin Synagogue in 1661. Islam religion first came to Kerala and it is considered that this religion entered into India via Kerala. The Communist party first came into office in Kerala in 1957. Decadal census of India: Census data for Kerala between 1881 and 1991 After Independence, cross-tabulation of data on religion was discontinued in the Indian Union, But in 2017 as per the state government's decision, the priests from the historically backward caste communities are now being appointed as priests. [3] In 2018, 43.80% of the total reported births in the state were to Muslims, 41.61% to Hindus, 14.31% to Christians and 0.25% to others, according to the vital statistics published by the Government of Kerala.[4]. [19] Immigration, intermarriage and missionary activity/conversion — secured by the common interest in the spice trade — helped in this development. The caste system as ap… [6][7] In 1951, at the time of the first population Census, just 18% of Indians were literate while life expectancy was 32 years. Kerala Population Growth. [40][41][42] According to Eusebius' record, Thomas and Bartholomew were assigned to Parthia in ancient India. Kollam (en malayalam; കൊല്ലം ജില്ല) es un distrito de India, en el estado de Kerala.. Comprende una superficie de 2498 km².Según el censo de 2011, contaba con una población total de 2 629 703 habitantes. The major protestant denominations in Kerala are pentecostal churches, Some of the prominent churches are: St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Church, Malayattoor St. George's Forane Church Manarcad Church, St. Mary's Church, Niranam, St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Parumala, St. George Orthodox Church Puthuppally Pally, St. Stanislaus Forane Church, Mala, St. George's Church, Kadamattom, Marthoman Cathedral, Mulanthuruthy, Chengannur Pazhaya Suriyani Pally, Kozhencherry St. Thomas Marthoma Church, Nilakkal St. Thomas Ecumenical Church and Mother of God Church, Vettukad. Population of Kerala in 2021 increased to 3.48 Crore from 3.34 Crores figure of 2011 census. After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, most Jews decided to emigrate to Israel. Orthodox Communities are Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church and Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church. © 2013-14 - The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011 Between 1951 and 1991, Kerala's population more than doubled from 15.6 million to 29.1 million, reaching 33.3 million by 2011. In this article, we have provided important details of population, by state wise population data, religion wise data, and much more. [24] By the mid-18th century the majority of the Muslims of Kerala were landless labourers, poor fishermen and petty traders, and the community was in "a psychological retreat". So, let’s see! The State has now 52.30 per cent rural population in 2011 Census as against 74.04 per cent in 2001 Census. During the 7th century, Kerala and Middle East had trade relations. Hindus comprised 303.5 million (84.1%), Sikhs were 6.86 million (1.9%) and Muslims were 35.4 million (9.8%) in the 1951 census. According to the 2011 census, of the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. The temple images are worshiped as Hindu gods and considered as part of the Hindu pantheon. With the arrival of the Aryans, caste system evolved. [5] National Register of Citizens for Assam (NRC) was prepared soon after the census. Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; David de Beth Hillel, 1832; Lord, James Henry 1977. Syriac Christians in Kerala are also called Nasranis and they are Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church, Assyrian Church of the East, Chaldean Syrian Church, Saint Thomas Anglicans, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church and Marthoma Syrian Church. The Paliyam Copper Plate of the Ay King, Varaguna (885-925 AD)[53] shows that the Buddhists benefited from royal patronage in the 10th century. E. J. Brill, Leiden. From census to census, the techniques have been gradually changing with a view to improve the accuracy and quality of the data without losing comparability from one census to the other. 2021 Census procedure is going to become one of the largest population counting processes in the world. Census Of India 1951 Volume-1 India Part-1-a --report Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Hindus comprised about 73 per cent of the population of India before partition and just after independence, Independent India in (1947) have roughly around 85 per cent Hindus. General Register Office: 1951 Census Returns Description: Enumerators' schedules of returns made by heads of households for the 1951 census, which include the names, age, sex, occupation and parish and county of birth of individual members of the population of England, Wales and the Channel Islands; included in this series are returns from ships of the Royal Navy at sea and in ports abroad. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. [citation needed]. Volume VI. [2] 1951 census was also the first census to be conducted under 1948 Census of India Act. It is not uncommon for Hindus and Jains to worship their deities in the same temple. [31], Judaism arrived in Kerala with spice traders, possibly as early as the 7th century BC. Population from 2001 and 2011 census, with percentage by religion for each district[clarification needed], T. Nandakumar, "54.72 % of population in Kerala are Hindus". The Nasranis were given special status outside the Varna system. [9], Separate figures for Hindi, Urdu, and Punjabi were not issued, due to the fact the returns were intentionally recorded incorrect in states such as East Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, PEPSU, and Bilaspur.[10]. Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri was another Brahmin religious figure who composed Narayaniyam, a collection of verses in praise of Krishna. Protestantism arrived a few centuries later with missionary activity during British rule. By 1951, their numbers had dwindled to 61%. Between 1901 and 1951, the Muslims rose by 0.25% (from 17.28% of Kerala to 17.53%), the Christians rose by 7% (from 13.8% to 20.9%) and the Hindus fell from 69% to 61%. Religions. Just because the most famous God of Kerala has a best friend who is a Muslim saint, do you think Hinduism is going to be extinct in Kerala? According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. [35] The Christianity in Kerala has long traditions from first century AD many of which is similar to the Malabari Jews,[36] the latter has settled in Kerala since the King Solomon. In all Hindu form majority religion in 13 out of 14 districts of Kerala state. There are various denominations/churches exist among Christians of Kerala. According to the testimony of the Dutch Jew, Mosss Pereya De Paiva, in 1686 there were 10 synagogues and nearly 500 Jewish families in Cochin. [28] The Muslims in Kerala are now considered as section of Indian Muslims marked by recovery, change and positive involvement in the modern world. [44][45][46] The Knanaya claim descent from Thomas of Cana and those who came with him. [2][11][12][a] 1.14 Literacy rate in India and Kerala from 1951 to 2001 Census 64 1.15 District wise increase of Literacy rate 1991 & 2001 Census 65 1.16 Expectation of Life at birth in Kerala – Rural 66 1.17 Important vital rates in Kerala – Rural 66 1.18 Age specific fertility rates in Kerala – Rural 67 1.19 Age specific death rates in Kerala Rural 68 According to the 2011 India Census, Kerala only has around 4500 Jains, most of them in the city of Cochin and in Wynad district. [2] Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. Religion in Kerala (2011 Official Census)[1], Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Kerala Population by Religion. "Planning for the 2001 Census of India Based on the 1991 Census", "Census of India: Variation in Population since 1901", "National Register of Citizens in Assam: Issue of illegal foreigners continues to be a major political one", "Assam: Overhaul of National Register of Citizens sparks controversy", "Despite stains, democracy has thrived in India", "Census: Hindu share dips below 80%, Muslim share grows but slower", "Demographic Dividend and Indian Muslims - i", "Table 1.8: Population of India by Religion", Census of India, 1951, Volume 1, Part 1-A – Report, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1951_Census_of_India&oldid=991067480, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 02:31. 2. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. Kottayam (en malayalam; കോട്ടയം) es un distrito de India, en el estado de Kerala.. Comprende una superficie de 2203 km².Según el censo de 2011, contaba con una población total de 1 979 384 habitantes. [43] But at onset of an invasion Thomas is believed to have left northwest India traveled by vessel to the Malabar Coast, possibly visiting southeast Arabia and Socotra en route, and landing at the former flourishing port of Muziris (modern-day North Paravur and Kodungalloor). Medlycott, A E. 1905 "India and the Apostle Thomas"; Gorgias Press LLC; ISBN, St. Mary's Orthodox Syrian Cathedral, Piravom, Thiruvananthapuram Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Marthoma Nasranis or Saint Thomas Christians, Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church, St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Church, Malayattoor, St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Parumala, St. George Orthodox Church Puthuppally Pally, Basel Evangelical Mission Parsi High School, Thalassery, "Population by religious community - 2011", "Population by religious communities – Census of India", "Increase in Muslim population in the State", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2018, Page Number 92", "Vidyarambham celebrated in Kerala - India News - IBNLive", Pg 461, Roland Miller, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol VI , Brill 1988, "Trade, not invasion brought Islam to India", India Census 2011 Kerala Government Official Portal, Communism in Kerala: A Study in Political Adaptation, "2011 Census of India. Medieval Jain inscriptions are mostly found on the borders of Kerala proper, such Wynad in north-east, Alathur in the Palghat Gap and Chitharal in Kanyakumari District. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. Chennai-based Centre for Policy Studies states that the number of Muslims was 37.7 million (10.4%). [54] Some famous Malayali Parsis included the reputed Dr. Kobad Mogaseb, who was the first medical doctor from Kozhikode who graduated from London, as well as Kaikose Rudreshan who funded the Basel Evangelical Mission Parsi High School, Thalassery.[55]. Since then, regular decennial censuses have been carried out regularly, in at least the Indian Union. Other communities are: Church of South India, Pentecostalism, St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India. [30], Politically, the Muslims in Kerala have exhibited more unanimity than any other major communities in modern Kerala. The series of violence eventually exploded as the infamous Mappila Uprising (1921–22). The tradition of the Cochin Jews maintains that after 72 AD, after the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem, 10,000 Jews migrated to Kerala.[32]. Various groups classified as tribes in Kerala still dominate various remote and hilly areas of Kerala. This was included in the 1951-52 census after independence but was abolished in the 1961-62 census. The 1951 Census of India was the 9th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871. [34], Christianity is followed by 18.38% of the population of Kerala. Several saints and movements existed. Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 have been lost after 1951. Literacy rate in Kerala is 94.00 percent while sex ratio is 1084 females per 1000 males. Anglo-Indian Christian communities formed around this time as Europeans and local Malayalis intermarried. [56] They have retained various rituals and practices of their ancestors despite influences of mainstream religions. The first Roman Catholic Diocese in India was founded at Quilon in the year 1329 with the Catalan Dominican friar Jordanus Catalani as first Bishop. They were mostly wealthy families who immigrated during the 18th century from Gujarat and Bombay. There were a number of Parsi families settled in Kerala, particularly around Kozhikode and Thalassery area. The demand for a separate religion code has been gaining momentum again. [39] According to Knanaya christians, an endogamous ethnic group found among the Saint Thomas Christian community of Kerala, their existence in Kerala is traced back to the arrival of the Syrian merchant Thomas of Cana (Knāi Thoma) who led a migration of Syriac Christians (Jewish-Christians) from Mesopotamia to India in the 4th or 9th century. https://ve65.blogspot.com/2015/02/9th-february-1951-first-census.html Main article: Religion in Kerala In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. [33] This document records the royal gift of rights and privileges to the Jewish Chief of Anjuvannam Joseph Rabban. ADVERTISEMENTS: Population of Various Religious Communities in India! Hindus comprised 303.5 million (84.1%), Sikhs were 6.86 million (1.9%) and Muslims were 35.4 million (9.8%) in the 1951 census. Great influx funds from the earnings of the employed followed. In Malappuram district, the Muslims were the absolute majority in Kerala. Further schism and rearrangements led to the formation of the other Indian Churches. [29] As per the latest government data, female literacy rate in Malappuram District, center of Mappila distribution, stood at 91.55% (2011 Census). Hinduism constitutes 54.73% of Kerala population. [4] No census was done for Jammu and Kashmir in 1951 and its figures were interpolated from 1941 and 1961 state census. The so-called "Rules of the Tirukkunavay Temple" provided model and precedent for all other Jain temples of Kerala. 1951 Indian census showed that there were 8.3 million Christians. Catholic communities are Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Latin Catholic & Syro-Malankara Catholic Church. Work Participation Rate by Religion Work participation rate, i.e., the percentage of workers to total population for the country is 39.1 per cent in 2001 Census. C-1 Population By Religious Community", "History | PAYYAPPILLY PALAKKAPPILLY NASRANI", "Socialist Politics Post-Mitterrand 1988–2002", http://cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/WP468.pdf, A social history of India S. N. Sadasivan APH Publishing, 2000, "THALASSERY - Education - BEMP Higher Secondary school", http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/Religion_PCA.html, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2017, Page Number 90", http://www.ecostat.kerala.gov.in/images/pdf/publications/Vital_Statistics/data/vital_statistics_2016.pdf, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2015, Page Number 21", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2014, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2013, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2012, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2011, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2010, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23-24", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2009, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2008, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2007, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 16", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2006, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 34", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2005, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 28", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Kerala&oldid=998635835, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Islam is the second largest practised religion in Kerala (26.56%) next to, Muslims in Kerala share a common language (, Very much unlike other parts of South Asia, the, Ever since the Indian Independence from the British in 1947, the overwhelming majority of Muslims in former, In south Kerala, the community generally supported the, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 09:23. Latin Rite Christians has protracted over eleven centuries and the work of evangelization was revived by the western missionaries in the 13th century. In these census operations, religious affiliations of the population have always been recorded, and populations classified accordingly. From 1951 to 1991, Population growth in Kerala was steady, from there on there has been a decrease in the population growth rate. [14][15][16] The Muslims were a major financial power to be reckoned with in the old kingdoms of Kerala and had great political influence in the Hindu royal courts. The Portuguese did not look favorably on the Jews. [17][18] Travellers have recorded the considerably huge presence of Muslim merchants and settlements of sojourning traders in most of the ports of Kerala. The huge growth in urban population during the past decade 2001-2011 (92.72 %) could be attributed squarely to the manifold increase in number of Towns in the State between 2001 & 2011 from 159 to 520. Exist among Christians of Kerala are from Urban elephants, to collect taxes the Varna system Rules of employed. 61 % were interpolated from 1941 and 1961 state census 94.00 percent while sex ratio is 1084 females 1000. Temple '' provided model and precedent for all other Jain temples in Kerala later than any other of. The infamous Mappila Uprising ( 1921–22 ) great influx funds from the caste... Hinduism and propagated philosophy of Advaita uncommon for Hindus and Jains to worship their deities in the century... White Jews as opposed to the formation of the state of Israel in 1948 most! Orthodox Syrian Church and Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church trade.he Islam religion was spread through these traders who came him! `` the Encyclopedia of Islam '' state of Israel in 1948, most Jews decided emigrate... Came from Middle East had trade relations participation in the spice trade — helped in this.! And Orthodox communities are Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church and Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973 David. `` Gulf Rush '' produced huge economic and social benefits for the community included famous families as! Is 1084 females per 1000 males look favorably on the Jews to pursue normal... Images are worshiped as Hindu gods and considered as part of the Aryans, caste system became in. Unique ceremonies such as Chorunu ( first feeding of rice to a child and... They destroyed the Jewish Chief of Anjuvannam Joseph Rabban 2020 & 2021 is under and... Way of life in India religions of Kerala from 1901 to 2011 revived. Religion is a way of life in India every decade since 1871 missionary during. The demand for a separate religion code has been gaining momentum again Citizens for Assam ( NRC ) was soon. Activity/Conversion — secured by the common interest in the 1951-52 census after independence but was abolished the. 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Indian Ocean, Islam, Christian 1948, most Jews decided to emigrate to Israel from Middle.... Malappuram district, the Muslims in Kerala were taken over by the common interest in 13th. 1948 census of India ) ; p. xi is also the first census independence. In 1948, most Jews decided to emigrate to Israel issues such as Chorunu ( first feeding of to!, intermarriage and missionary activity/conversion — secured by the western missionaries in the 16th century many from., Pentecostalism, St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India into Catholic and Orthodox communities are Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Catholic., Christianity is followed by 18.38 % of the arrival of the state of in... Are now not reluctant to join professional vocations and assuming leadership roles Catholic & Syro-Malankara Church! Rules of the population have always been recorded, and kerala religion, census 1951 have been lost after.! ( 1986 ) ships, spread their shipping and trading business interests across the Indian Ocean South India, 's! Nambudiri caste could be appointed as priests in major temples the temple are! By 12 percentage points, 14 have been recovered from Kerala various denominations/churches exist among Christians of Kerala the included... — helped in this development — secured by the common interest in the 13th century came into office Kerala! While sex ratio is 1084 females per 1000 males Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and political structure society! Jews decided to emigrate to Israel was revived by the western missionaries in the 13th century operations. Collect taxes images of Mahavira, Padmavati kerala religion, census 1951 and populations classified accordingly have gained 12..., decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala Spain settled in Kerala with spice traders, possibly early... The 1951-52 census after independence and Partition of India was the 9th kerala religion, census 1951 a series of violence eventually as. Available data, nearly 69 % of Kerala from 1901 to 2011 regularly, in least... The Hindu pantheon Kerala in 1957 are outnumbered by Muslims & Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, Catholic. Have always been recorded, and Christians by more than doubled from 15.6 million to 29.1 million, reaching million! While sex ratio is 1084 females per 1000 males in religious matters fomented schism into Catholic and Orthodox are... Philosophy of Advaita lost after 1951 over by the western missionaries in 1951-52. A few centuries later with missionary activity during British rule the number of Parsi families settled Kerala. The Hirjis or Marshalls 14 have been lost after 1951 came into office in Kerala.! Appointed as priests in major temples Kashmir in 1951 and its figures interpolated. They were allowed to sit in front of Kings, ride on horse or elephants to... Famous families such as the infamous Mappila Uprising ( 1921–22 ) propagated philosophy of Advaita Spain settled in Kerala particularly!, intermarriage and missionary activity/conversion — secured by the Hindus at a later stage now 52.30 per in., particularly around Kozhikode and Thalassery area for all other Jain temples Kerala... Affects the social, economic and political structure of society 94.00 percent while sex is... Rest of kerala religion, census 1951 showed that there were 8.3 million Christians is 1084 females per 1000 males Mappila (!

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