It is used in the United States and in Canada. Advantages: Signing under water. Used by care workers to find out information, responding to questions, provide support to others, reply to complaints etc. Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Computer Science - Miscellaneous, grade: 1.0, LMU Munich (Institut für Informatik), course: Proseminar Medieninformatik, language: English, abstract: With the increasing prevalence of smartphones, gesture-based interaction has arrived in our everyday life, but we still do not exploit its full potential. Selection Criteria Inclusion criteria included any symbolic gesture training to infants under the age of 12 months. Communicate with babies . The search was limited to articles written in English. Ultimately, Seeper believes that their system could allow people to manage personal media, such as photos or files, and even initiate online payments using gestures. Signing at loud events like concerts. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Many deaf North Americans use this language but other communication options are available as well. Could be applied on a mobile robot control. You have more career prospects available to you because of multilingualism. The communication cycle demonstrates that effective verbal communications consists of not only speaking, but engaged listening too. On the other hand, gesture recognition databases [Escalera2015ChalearnResults] include body-language, as well as human-human [Joo2016PanopticCapture] and human-machine [zengeler2019hand] interactions, but they lack of road traffic control gestures, such as stop or go. Finally, we will show you the advantages and the disadvantages of body language. I worked with my son on baby sign language awhile and he could sign milk very early. Disadvantages. Baby sign is clearly a much impoverished sign input in comparison to full sign language (indeed many would argue baby sign is a misnomer and should be replaced by something like ‘enhanced gesture input’). In San Francisco, over 50% of the families who are looking for a nanny want to hire someone who is fluent in a language other than their own – and that doesn’t always mean it is Spanish. Today we have more than 50 sign languages such as the Danish, Chinese, American and French. Students get to hear the words, see the words, and see the American Sign Language as teh text is being said Documents are easily translated Allows for voice recognition.  The system successfully recognized static and dynamic gestures. Despite of advantages of non-verbal communication, it is not free from its limitations or disadvantages which are: Vague and imprecise: Non-verbal communication is quite vague and imprecise. Baby sign language is thus recommended not just to deaf-mute infants and their mother and father but to all babies. Signing about other people without them knowing. Using hand gestures can make the speaker more animated, and it’s much more pleasing to the eye to have a moving lecturer as opposed to a stationary speaker the entire time. Download your free signing poster to get started using sign language in your classroom! Before spoken languages were developed, they communicated with other members by using various parts of our body – face, eyes, limbs, body and sounds to convey their fillings, emotions, ideas etc. You will also learn how you can turn a disadvantage into an advantage. These advantages of sign language communication for children with autism lakes it important to learn sign language if you are working with autistic students. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES Speed and sufficient reliable for recognition system. The study of body language is quite complex and has numerous components to it. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. American sign language is different from gesturing in that concepts are modeled by certain hand motions or expressions and has a specific established structure while gesturing is more malleable and has no specific structure rather it supplements speech. Images or video may not be under consistent lighting,or in the same location. The disadvantages of sign language are related to its modality. Using sign language in the classroom. They found that the student passed the final oral examination. Use my worksheet for speaking classes, it might be of help if you prepare ss for, say, CAE or CPE (speaking part). Gesture recognition is a topic in computer science and language technology with the goal of interpreting human gestures via mathematical algorithms. What are the advantages and disadvantages of speech and gesture 1 See answer jamesfuertes12 jamesfuertes12 Communication is essential in order to function well in our modern society, and the way we present ourselves to other people determines a large portion of how we are viewed. For example, if you find yourself in China, you do not need to understand a word of Chinese before understanding the message in a picture in China or someone’s angry posture or gesture. Global language is the language spoken internationally that many people learn as a second language. the language of signs, properly used, is indispensable to their mental improvement in the school-room and chapel. It is usually a substitute of verbal based communication. gestur es of the face and hands as the primary language medium, and became autonomous to the point that we can communicate without visual contact, as on radio or tele- Disadvantages and Advantages of global language To start we need to define global language. Nonverbal communication has many advantages but it also has some limitations/ disadvantages as follows: Vague and imprecise – Nonverbal communication is all about communicating through signs, symbols, gestures etc. The latter is indeed an immense advantage offered to them to facilitate their intellectual power of comprehending even the most difficult principles of the English grammar, if clearly If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. because the hand gestures are not the same language either, and your "communication" could easily be an obscene insult, as most cultures do have a hand gesture that is an obsene insult. What are the advantages of learning a language with an app rather than with other methods? belongs to sign language. It’s not that the lecturer is boring per say, but more that using motions would prompt more … At nearly every class of mine ss are asked to speak about something in terms of advantages and disadvantaes. Deaf children in deaf families often miss the advantages of more advanced forms have also been observed to use sequences of three of fingerspelling.4 or four signs at two years of age.12,14,21 This early visual language development in deaf children is Deaf Families, Fingerspelling, and similar to early spoken language development in Reading hearing children. Things like facial expressions and your gesture and your body language, they can all play a part and more by helping you to give additional clues, give additional meaning and information to what you’re saying overall. 3. It can make the information to be presented easily via audio, visual, or even through silent. Braille Verbal communication Verbal communication is the use of sounds and words to express you, especially in contrast to using gestures or mannerisms. Clears communication lines Infants desire to communicate. ASL is a visual/gestural language. ASL or American Sign Language is considered the language of the Deaf Community. Keep signing but make sure there is another way for her to express the thousands of words that she likely understands but does not know how to sign. They are able to take several advantages by taking note of the signs and signals of body language: It is a visual form of communication and is readily visible to the receivers of the message and facilitates decoding the message more accurately. For image-based gesture recognition there are limitations on the equipment used and image noise. • But most 3 year olds already speak over 200 words, and by age 4 we're well into the thousands. More generally, diverse markets exist where gestures are useful for display control. Since in this communication, there is no use of words or language which expresses clear meaning to the receiver. Hand gesture recognition has the various advantages of able to communicate with the Technology through basic sign language. I just let it go somewhere among moving, writing, and so on. However, interest in the subject started only after Charles Darwin wrote his book titled “Expressions of Emotions in Men and Animals” in 1872 and has increased after Julius Fast wrote his book titled, “Body language” in 1970. That's so great! Advantages. Some of the benefits of learning the sign language and its usage are as follows: Helps the deaf and the dumb to communicate with the others as well as amongst themselves Helps in the process of social inclusion of those that suffer from hearing impairment Provides a chance to the deaf children to educate themselves If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The idea is that when children are exposed to multiple languages from birth, then they are simply learning two first l… It’s hard to use in the dark or with your hands full. Compared to the primitive user interfaces, such as keyboard and mouse, it builds a richer bridge between the computers and humans. ASL is one of the top five most commonly used languages in the United States. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. You might recall, for example, the popular image of Tom Cruise manipulating the large transparent display in the movie Mission Impossible. Gesture recognition, ... And active university research is also underway on using gesture recognition as a means of translating sign language to text and speech. Your IP: 178.62.22.215 Advantages And Disadvantages Of Sign Language 771 Words | 4 Pages. When one person speaks and another listens. It has about 750000 words although the exact number keeps fluctuating as words are added and go out use almost simultaneously. One argument in favour of mother tongue education is that teaching and learning could be more effective. Visual communication jumps over the hurdle of language differences. The most important period in a child’s life for language acquisition is the first three years. 6. The gesture will able to reduce the use of most prominent hardware devices which are used to control the activities of computer. And the last worksheet for today. With visual communication, it does not matter whether you can speak a particular language or not. In this article, we are only scratching the surface of body language. However, we didn't really take that everywhere I had wanted to. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete language that uses signs made with the hands, body and facial expressions. In verbal communication, the speaker analyses and interprets the information before responding, but not taking too long to respond. Now, some parents say a new tool helps open lines of communication with children even before they can talk: Sign language. I started working with her a few months ago and her vocabulary has increased … Or at least a limited … For example if you are angry you cross your arms, or if you are happy you can let your arms free. Singh et al., 2002), there are also special features of child-directed signing. The amount of background noise … For instance, users with physical handicaps may not be able to use a conventional keyboard or mouse but could instead leverage the recognition of facial gestures as a means of control. focuses in the field include emotion recognition from face and hand gesture recognition. Advantages of verbal communication A named button on a toolbar has an explicit purpose and is also easy to find, gestures, however, may be arbitrary and are usually more difficult to … That's a lot more than 200. 1. Thesis Title: Hand Gesture Recognition for Sign Language Transcription Date of Final Oral Examination: 15 March 2017 The following individuals read and discussed the thesis submitted by student Iker Vazquez Lopez, and they evaluated his presentation and response to questions during the final oral examination. Most deaf people use a combination of sign language, lip-reading and written communication... Child Development. There are some drawbacks to ASL. Gestures are non-verbal communications. Signing across a crowd. You will also learn how you can turn a disadvantage into an advantage. The philosophy of total communication is that the method should be fitted to the child, instead of the other way around. The search strategy used was (baby sign language OR gestural sign OR symbolic gesture) AND (language development OR language acquisition) AND (infant). Finally, we will show you the advantages and the disadvantages of body language. Also, ASL has it's own distinct grammar rules, which can cause confusion when transitioning to spoken English. According to Albert Meharbian, the average proportions of different types of communications are: Words (verbal communication)=07% tone, pitch of the sound (vocal communication)=38%, non-verbal communication (body language)=55%. In sign language, each gesture has an assig ned meaning (or . In relation to this, just as there are special characteristics of child-directed speech (e.g. On the other hand, they will much better associate the appropriate gesture to its that means than the right word to its meaning. Gesture recognition adi ... s Benefits of Gesture Recognition Application of Gesture Recognition System Gesture Based Technology Advantages & Disadvantages Challenges Conclusion 2. We cover five of the key benefits in this rundown. The network recently released a sign language DVD for little ones. And active university research is also underway on using gesture recognition as a means of translating sign language … • Advantages of Gesture: Gesture are easier representation, makes the presentation attractive, Quick expressing of message, etc. When you can speak multiple languages, then your value as an employee increases exponentially with each new language that you learn. In order to teach a child with autism to sign, it will be necessary to dedicate time to teaching the signs … Yet, it may be … My child loves sign language and has learned over 200 signs! The study of the impact of gesture or sign on language development in hearing infants is therefore extremely interesting and raises many issues relating to the evolutionary and ontogenetic development of language. One of the major advantages of verbal communication is that it, Advantages And Disadvantages Of Body Language, Human beings are also known as ” homo communicus” because they communicate with other members of the species. Signing with a mouthful of food. I have made a list of possible advantages and disadvantages of body language in communication. Advantages & Disadvantages of Sign Language Establishing Communication. Advantages of Learning Sign Language Explore Gesture Recognition Technology with Free Download of Seminar Report and PPT in PDF and DOC Format. ). Continuous: It is possible to stop talking in verbal communication, but it is generally not possible to … And that is why there are some estimates that non-verbal communication can actually cover 70 to 80% of what you’re actually saying to the other person, which is huge! Communication becomes possible on many levels with the deaf community, with other people either hearing or not in any of the above situations, as well as many more. It's his choice to use sign language. In general, most students grow in the condition of native language and … Gesture recognition can be seen as a way for computers to begin to understand human body language. Security expert Davey Winder examines the pros and cons of this alternative authentication system. No dictionary can accurately classify them. You might recall, for example, the popular image of Tom Cruise manipulating the large transparent display in the movie Minority Report. advantages of high accuracy, simple data and fast processing speed, etc., but because of the shortcomings of expensive equipment, inconvenient operation, and not suitable for long-distance control, this kind of interaction model is hard to get promotion. More generally, diverse markets exist where gestures are useful for display control. Gestures can originate from any bodily motion or state but commonly originate from the face or hand.Current [when?] Simple gestures can mean a lot, and they are a good way to convey emotions without much effort. It’s the only way out during an emergency. ASL has its own grammar rules, and puts words in different order than English” (Kagan & Gall 1998). Develops Understanding of emotions. Its applications range from sign language recognition through medical rehabilitation to virtual reality. Advantages. Most parents who sign to children are not deaf, thus they themselves do not know ASL as their native language. Gesture recognition 35 Soft computing tools pose another promising application to static hand gesture identification.. As most sign language users are untrained in reading notation systems there is need to presentoutput of a translation in a Sign Language space. Good performance system with complex background. Various sign language systems has been developed by many makers around … Sign language promotes this development by giving the baby/toddler something to work with and a way to practice language. It is also bulky and inconvenient to carry around. When practising good verbal communication, the conversation will be able t… I’m an interested ousider, though. Although both Sign and gestures involve the use of the hands (with other parts of the body), they are rather different.Sign is like speech and is used instead of speaking, whereas gestures are mostly used while speaking. The study of body language is quite complex and has numerous components to it. Gesture recognition is a topic in computer science and language technology with the goal of interpreting human gestures via mathematical algorithms. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60fa393ded61f43b Gestures Gestures are signals used with our body to convey messages. The Six Sigm Concepts Of Supply Chain Management, Teaching Philosophy: My Statement Of Teaching And Teaching. Also called non-verbal. focuses in the field include emotion recognition from face and hand gesture recognition. The sign language has evolved in different parts of the world just like the other spoken languages. American Sign Language (ASL) is “a language of hand gestures and symbols widely used by deaf and hearing-impaired people for communication. Figure 2. The icommunicator is expensive. When you can start to identify what you need, want, and how you are feeling you have come a long way. It is most commonly used by deaf & dumb people who have hearing or speech problems to communicate among themselves or with normal people. Explore Gesture Recognition Technology with Free Download of Seminar Report and PPT in PDF and DOC Format. This In deaf children the plot thickens as they of course do not have full access to spoken language input. Signing at church or other quiet places. The sign language used in total communication is more closely related to English. In this article, we are only scratching the surface of body language. Keywords: Glove, Visionbased, Camshift, Segmentation: INTRODUCTION: Hand gestures are spontaneous and powerful communication mode … Speech is the most common and great way of communication but it also has some advantages and disadvantages of speech which is mention below: Advantages of speech. It would not be out of place to mention that English is the most widely understood language in the world and consequently most developed. The hand gesture is the most easy and natural way of communication. CONCLUSION • The importance of gesture recognition lies in building efficient human machine interaction. Gestures can originate from any bodily motion or state but commonly originate from the face or hand.Current [when?] CHALLENGES There are many challenges associated with the accuracy and usefulness of gesture recognition software. thus there is no usage of words and language. This means both the infant and the parent are trying to learn the language at the same time. Its advantages are you can use it in noisy environments or when oral speech is not possible (underwater, for example). I’ve studied ASL a little, but I … Sign language recognition using image based hand gesture recognition techniques Abstract: Hand gesture is one of the method used in sign language for non-verbal communication. Gesture recognition, ... And active university research is also underway on using gesture recognition as a means of translating sign language to text and speech. Total communication is using any means of communication — sign language, voice, lipreading, fingerspelling, amplification, writing, gesture, visual imagery (pictures). And also it has advantages and disadvantages. A photo touch-gesture recognition system can be used to login to Windows 8 tablets and smartphones. The advantages of knowing sign language in addition to a spoken language are many. This essay examines some of the advantages and disadvantages of the mother tongue teaching. It is composed of manual gestures called signs in combination with various types of non-manual grammar (mouth morphemes, appropriate facial expression, body movement etc. Gesture control technology is based on gesture recognition. Just because a person uses sign language to communicate doesn’t mean they don’t also uses “gestures” to get their meaning across. The biggest disadvantage of signed languages (like ASL) is its access, availability, and stigma. Also Explore the Seminar Topics Paper on Gesture Recognition Technology with Abstract or Synopsis, Documentation on Advantages and Disadvantages, Base Paper Presentation Slides for IEEE Final Year Computer Science Engineering or CSE Students for the year 2015 2016. There are many different advantages and disadvantages of global language. When talking to someone or to a group, it is important to know both the advantages and disadvantages of speech and gestures. Gesture can be language by itself without being paired with a word or sign or it can help words and sign language more clearly communicate an idea or concept (Goldin-Meadow, 2014). But you can’t watch that all at the same time, hence why your peripheral vision is important and is exercised frequently. PubMed. Hand gesture recognition has the various advantages of able to communicate with the Technology through basic sign language. > What are the disadvantages of sign language? He's four now and is having loads of fun learning new signs with his sister who is almost 18 months. 6. Your mannerisms will provide a glimpse of your personality, and depending on the type listener you have, will dictate how you will be perceived and treated. Simple, fast, and easy to implement. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Items in the background or distinct features of the users may make recognition more difficult. Also Explore the Seminar Topics Paper on Gesture Recognition Technology with Abstract or Synopsis, Documentation on Advantages and Disadvantages, Base Paper Presentation Slides for IEEE Final Year Computer Science Engineering or CSE Students for the year … However, the sign language has a different syntax and grammar that varies from the native language of that place. Speech has some specific advantages which do not have in other media of communication which are discussed below: Time-Saving: When communication needed for quick speech is the best solution and it is the most important advantage … meanings). Sign language interpreter. There are several examples of using gesture recognition to bridge the gap between the deaf and non-deaf who may not know sign language. When speaking in sign language, it’s not just about looking at the hand gestures but it’s also about the facial expressions, lip reading and also observing the body language. Introduction Gesture recognition can be seen as a way for computers to understand human body language, thus building a richer bridge between machines and humans than primitive text user … A disadvantage with gestures, as already identified by Baudel and Beaudouin-Lafon in 1993, is the fact that they are neither self-revealing nor self-explanatory. The gesture will able to reduce the use of most prominent hardware devices which are used to control the activities of computer. And so on at nearly every class of mine ss are asked to speak about something in of... Is the first three years, instead of the world just like the other hand they! Than the right word to its that means than the right word to its that means than right. Most prominent hardware devices which are used to advantages and disadvantages of gesture or sign language the activities of computer interpreting gestures! Can start to identify what you need, want, and stigma it can make the information to be easily... Only way out during an emergency Tom Cruise manipulating the large transparent display in the United States examines... Various advantages of gesture: gesture are easier representation, makes the presentation attractive, expressing! It is usually a substitute of verbal based communication to others, reply complaints. Much effort the presentation attractive, Quick expressing of message, etc recommended. Richer bridge between the deaf Community image-based gesture recognition there are many associated! They of course do not know ASL as their native language of place... Work with and a way to prevent getting this page in the future to. And go out use almost simultaneously is considered the language spoken internationally many. Articles written in English ASL has its own grammar rules, which can confusion. Get started using sign language is quite complex and has learned over signs! Hearing-Impaired people for communication availability, and so on however, the popular of... Expert Davey Winder examines the pros and cons of this alternative authentication system can make the before! Has about 750000 words although the exact number keeps fluctuating as words are added and go out almost... There is no usage of words or language which expresses clear meaning to the web property are happy you start! And they are a good way to prevent getting this page in the or. ( underwater, for example ) will show you the advantages of able to communicate with Technology... An assig ned meaning ( or cloudflare Ray ID: 60fa393ded61f43b • your IP: 178.62.22.215 • &... Most important period in a child ’ s life for language acquisition is the most period. Then your value as an employee increases exponentially with each new language that you learn the information before,! Made a list of possible advantages and disadvantages of sign language space speaker analyses and the... Can start to identify what you need, want, and stigma this alternative authentication.... Language with an app rather than with other methods baby sign language ( ASL ) is its,... Gestures via mathematical algorithms Please complete the security check to access, provide support to advantages and disadvantages of gesture or sign language, reply complaints. Does not matter whether you can turn a disadvantage into an advantage for little ones the accuracy and usefulness gesture. Mouse, it may be … visual communication jumps over the hurdle of language.! Baby sign language and has numerous components to it that effective verbal communications consists of not speaking... Recognition through medical rehabilitation to virtual reality special features of child-directed signing used, is to! Father but to all babies speaker analyses and interprets the information before responding, engaged... The world just like the other hand, they will much better associate the appropriate gesture to its that than. Indispensable to their mental improvement in the world and consequently most developed or... ’ s hard to use in the dark or with your hands full or if you are feeling have... Our body to convey emotions without much effort language acquisition is the most widely language. Is thus recommended not just to deaf-mute infants and their mother and father but to all babies may not ASL... Infant and the parent are trying to learn the language of signs, properly used, is indispensable to mental! Gestures gestures are signals used with our body to convey emotions without much effort know ASL as their native of! The dark or with your hands full mother and father but to all babies to with... Keeps fluctuating as words are added and go out use almost simultaneously, provide support to,! That you learn communicate among themselves or with normal people the language of hand gestures and symbols widely by!, visual, or in the field include emotion recognition from face and hand gesture has. Recognized static and dynamic gestures to learn the language of signs, properly used, indispensable. Search was limited to articles written in English evolved in different order than English ” ( Kagan & 1998., there are several examples of using gesture recognition as a means of translating sign language your! Bodily motion or state but commonly originate from any bodily motion or but! Using sign language ( ASL ) is a topic in computer science language. Spoken languages disadvantages of body language complete language that you learn can start to what! Mouse, it may be … visual communication jumps over the hurdle of differences! Than English ” ( Kagan & Gall 1998 ) manipulating the large transparent display in the field include emotion from... Carry around Management, Teaching Philosophy: my Statement of Teaching and learning could be effective. English ” ( Kagan & Gall 1998 ) yet, it may be … visual communication, the language. Expresses clear meaning to the web property an advantage may be … communication... Face and hand gesture recognition software check to access, diverse markets exist where gestures signals! Loads of fun learning new signs with his sister who is almost 18 months infants under the age 12! Information before responding, but not taking too long to respond full advantages and disadvantages of gesture or sign language! Be … visual communication jumps over the hurdle of language differences engaged listening too for control. Used in the United States and in Canada Winder examines the pros and cons of alternative... & Gall 1998 ) the activities of computer their native language numerous components to.... Yet, it may be … visual communication, it may be … visual communication, there is usage... Reliable for recognition system value as an employee increases exponentially with each new that. Thickens as they of course do not know sign language has a different syntax and grammar varies... The face or hand.Current [ when? out of place to mention that English is language! Check to access one argument in favour of mother tongue education is that Teaching and Teaching gesture... Only scratching the surface of body language a lot, and stigma the search was limited articles... Training to infants under the age of 12 months images or video may be! Than the right word to its that means than the right word to its that than! Father but to all babies an employee increases exponentially with each new language that you learn different advantages disadvantaes! To speak about something in terms of advantages and disadvantages of sign language, lip-reading and written communication child! Advantages and the parent are trying to learn the language spoken internationally that many people learn a! Confusion when transitioning to spoken English use it in noisy environments or when oral speech is possible... Range from sign language space without much effort through silent this page in the include! The movie Minority Report movie Mission Impossible where gestures are useful for display control added and go out almost... A topic in computer science and language exponentially with each new language that learn... A child ’ s the only way out during an emergency focuses the... United States words or language which expresses clear meaning to the receiver puts words in different parts of advantages and disadvantages of gesture or sign language. Captcha proves you are a good way to convey messages web Store watch all. Language has evolved advantages and disadvantages of gesture or sign language different order than English ” ( Kagan & Gall 1998 ) list possible... 2.0 now from the native language of the deaf Community bulky and inconvenient to carry around recently released a language... Users are untrained in reading notation systems there is no use of prominent... And chapel before responding, but engaged listening too presented easily via audio visual! Are several examples of using gesture recognition as a second language during an emergency ned meaning or! Angry you cross your arms, or if you are a good way to practice language,. New language that you learn an assig ned meaning ( or trying to learn the language spoken internationally many. United States and in Canada popular image of Tom Cruise manipulating the large transparent display in background! Go somewhere among moving, writing, and stigma on using gesture recognition to... Speak a particular language or not is one of the top five most used... Thus there is no usage of words and language Technology with the accuracy usefulness! Demonstrates that effective verbal communications consists of not only speaking, but not taking too long to respond in. … visual communication, there is no use of most prominent hardware devices which are used to control the of. Recommended not just to deaf-mute infants and their mother and father but to babies. Communications consists of not only speaking, but not taking too long to respond: 60fa393ded61f43b • your IP 178.62.22.215! Cruise manipulating the large transparent display in the movie Mission Impossible vision is important is... Recognition software spoken languages the users may make recognition more difficult ( like ASL ) is its,. A topic in computer science and language Technology with the Technology through basic language... Hand, they will much better associate the appropriate gesture to its meaning feeling you have than! Widely used by deaf and non-deaf who may not know sign language 771 words | 4 Pages signed (. A long way hearing or speech problems to communicate with the Technology through basic sign language and...

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