Go to different public parks, at different times, on different days. Teach flexibility. Audience members will learn how conduct a thorough Functional Behavior Assessment, select appropriate and function-based strategies, and analyze data to determine growth and next steps. 5 Opportunities to Teach Flexibility. They have problems dealing with changes and they have problems trying things new ways. It doesn’t need to look beautiful. They experienced inflexible teaching approaches, bullying, confusion and fear, along with overwhelming social and sensory overload. Make up new rules for a familiar game. An autism diagnosis often demands predictability and routine. At home, offer finger paints, a sand box, swing set, building blocks and stuffed toys. Once you have all this data, you need to know what to do with. Add a proactive element to your behavior management system by implementing positive reinforcement to increase positive behaviors within your class. In this session, we will explore ways to create your own adapted books that build both foundational language skills and more advanced literacy concepts. It didn’t negatively affect our life. We can have the satisfaction of knowing that we are helping our clients cope with an ever-changing world. Temple Grandin PhD, is one of the most well-known autistic adults, and she shared four steps for helping autistic children learn flexibility: Maintain a variety of activities in a variety of environments. It is very likely that our loved one on the spectrum is unable to be flexible. I usually paint my nails on Thursdays, clean my toilets on Fridays, and go grocery shopping on Sundays. This may mean checking things off of a list, moving pictures or objects to finished, turning pages in a flip book, or even using objects functionally. For instance, a friend may be very nice one day, and not so friendly the next. Below are some tips and language to use in your daily life that can help your child become more flexible: Celebrate the ways that inflexibility is … 8:51. We will discuss scheduling, grouping students, training paraprofessionals, and more! Learn how to create specific and individualized data sheets in a fast and simple way. Students with autism benefit from structured tasks, the use of visuals, multiple exemplars, discrimination training, and routine based instruction. Is he doing that because he has autism or because he’s two? On the day when the friend was nice, the paint was nearly white. #1 – Is This Something That Needs To Change? Schedules are an essential component to any effective classroom. Then, make a neutral change. Required fields are marked *. For children with autism who may struggle with receptive language processing, schedules are even more important. During my PhD research, autistic young people told me that mainstream education was a place they came to dread. The same goes with sharing. When I stop to think about it- boy do I have a lot. Flexible thinking skills are crucial for children developing in the real world as they promote important learning and social skills and behaviours. It’s best to work our way up to difficult changes in the following way: First, make a positive change. Making data based decisions is critical in determining if progress has been made. But it can also be an incredible source of stress. Learn how to utilize visuals to improve organization, planning, following directions, problem solving, and cognitive flexibility with preschool students. In addition to autism, a student may have OCD or an anxiety disorder separate from autism which can have some overlap in these areas. In another situation the same blue cup might be used outside in the sand box as a toy. We are all comforted by familiarity, and it also makes the world work like a well-oiled machine. The instructions need to tell them what to do, not a memorized routine that they have with the materials. Flexibility in kids with ASD - Card activity to teach this social skill to children on the autism spectrum Children with Asperger’s and other autism spectrum disorders have a lot of problems with rigidity. Copyright Learn Play Thrive, L.L.C.©. Using Play to Teach Flexible Thinking Skills. Learn how to use your academic data to drive your instructional decisions. This full day workshop will offer practical solutions to foster increases in positive behaviors and decreases in problem behaviors. Cognitive flexibility also strongly relates to having or developing coping skills and stress management skills. There are fieldtrips and fire drills; parents have appointments and holidays; weather interferes with our outdoor plans. Increased vocabulary will lead to more advanced reading skills in early elementary and overall school achievement. Understand that rigid thinking has been a protective mechanism in their life, and work to teach them how to be more flexible overall. The concepts can be applied to a wide range of environments. This may take time to fully understand. But for those who do- I want to share some things we do to help us deal with rigid thinking and change. After the child has seen the schedule, never sneak a change behind their back by erasing something or swapping out pictures or objects. GOD FORBID the banana broke when I was peeling it (I grabbed a new one! But as our clients move into the world, the schedules change, the toys look different or must be shared, the food comes in different packaging, and the learning activities are presented in a different way. First- ensure that there aren’t any underlying medical issues that need to be addressed by a professional. Learn how you can incorporate these strategies to effectively teaching reading to students with autism. Make it Fast! 2015 May;56(5):566-76. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12324. This is great for home because both of you have the plan and have agreed to it. When kids with autism, even high functioning kids, become extremely frustrated or angry, they often act out. It’s a daunting tasks setting up an autism classroom or appropriately integrating students with autism into the general education setting. And when they can do them, we mark the goal as complete. When this did happen the terror in my son’s eyes was tangible. “Being flexible” means dealing with a change to what was planned or what was expected. Parents and teachers often find themselves responding to the behavioral outcome of the stress and anxiety involved with this “inflexible thinking,” rather than teaching flexible thinking in a systematic way. After a lot of research and discussions with our BCBA, I was able to see the difference between routines that brought function and needed consistency in our life- and what rigidities/routines that brought my son stress if something can’t be exactly the way his mind needed it to be. On the surface, we are doing a great job. Autism — what we know (and what we don't know yet) | Wendy Chung … It’s a daunting task to create an environment that is meaningful and engaging. Developing Flexibility Skills in Children and Teens with Autism: The 5p Approach to Thinking, Learning and Behaviour | Miller, Linda | ISBN: 9781787756144 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Learn how to create curriculum that is engaging, appropriate, and at your child’s level. Children with autism are capable of learning to read when provided structured and individualized instruction! Remove something the child doesn’t enjoy and perhaps replace it with something they like. In this session learn how to organize, setup, and structure your adult day program classroom. But to prevent it from becoming a memorized routine, change the number and order of activities frequently, and don’t always start with the same one. Most children with autism are sensitive to abrupt changes in routine and will learn best in routine situations. Staff training is also essential. These maps illustrate the consequences that result from both appropriate and inappropriate behaviors. Embrace the power of ‘yet’ – these are skills they don’t have, yet. Here are a few things you can try to help teach your clients flexibility: 1. You add pictures, laminate it, and teach them to use it. Students with autism tend to be disorganized regarding school materials, homework, and personal articles at home; they also have trouble seeing the big picture and organizing their thinking. This keynote presentation is perfect for a varied audience. Adding moveable pieces, simplified text, and visually based comprehension activities to your existing favorite books can help increase student engagement. This session will provide detailed instruction on strategies to teach pre-reading skills, oral reading fluency, sight word recognition, reading comprehension, and word attack skills. When we first began to suspect that my oldest son, Greyson, had some kind of developmental delay, I examined his behavior as if it was under a microscope. But you can teach them early on that there are lots of ways to play with a toy, and that sometimes mom or another kid may be playing with the materials too. Some autistics may not struggle with inconsistency and lack of routine. In this workshop, begin by identifying target behaviors and determine the reason behind these maladaptive responses. Utilize behavioral data to create function based interventions, determine the success of behavior plans, and increase functional skills. We live in a rule-driven world yet so often our children and adults lack the understanding of these guidelines. Heck no. Fluency is accuracy plus speed and is a must-have when it comes to making the skills we teach functional in the real world. Students with autism are all so different and have a vast array of needs. In this presentation we will go through a variety of instructional techniques, program goals, and material suggestions for language arts and math instruction. Learn how to target a wide range of literacy goals for early childhood students using interactive and hands-on adapted books. No matter how great your data system is – if it’s too complicated you won’t use it. Posted Mar 31, 2014 On the not so nice day, the paint was dark gray. As a teacher in an autism classroom, it is hard to figure out when you need should be flexible and when you need to ensure that students are following the rules. Let’s be real- I am a creature of habit and I capital L love my routines. So if today they are sorting red bears from blue, tomorrow their instructions may show them to sort bears from balls. Celebrate the ways that inflexibility is … Your email address will not be published. Imagine your boss tells you- I’ll just call you every morning and let you know if you need to come into work for that day- each day. But when the schedule changes, suddenly their behavior is so much worse. to see what to expect, rather than to rely on a memorized routine. Special interests can be a great strength in many opportunities. Somebody may have a plan for their week, and they may wish to stick to that exactly. We’ll feel proud as they play with toys in a variety of ways, share them with others, and use their new skills in different places and under new circumstances. Then I may be surprised that I’ve missed an important one-time appointment (sorry dentist!). But these differences in flexibility may also hold the key to helping young people on the autism spectrum to “get stuck” on being more flexible and using big picture thinking. Don't miss a free resource: Join my mailing list. Schedules let us know when transitions will occur, the order of activities, and alerts us to changes. In this session, we will review using rubrics, rate of responding, frequency count, and tracking prompt levels to take data on both basic and more complex academic skills. Therefore, whenever possible, it is most effective to maintain a predictable routine when teaching children with autism. The more I honored these rigid needs- the more they showed up in our life and the more I realized that living this way is not realistic and ultimately causing more stress on my son- not less. Our 5 Best Autism Teaching Strategies 1. Is the bulb on your overhead projector burned out? Making data based decisions is critical in determining if progress has been made. Explore a variety of ways to effectively and efficiently take data that is useful. If you went to the library after lunch last Tuesday, go before lunch this Wednesday. How to Stay Sane(ish) During the Pandemic, Focus on Five: Ways to Use Jamboard to Teach Math Concepts, Tips for Using Leveled Daily Curriculums In Your Classroom, Waking up on Saturday, and staying in pajamas all day sometimes-, The hall bathroom door needing to be open at ALL TIMES-, Only using one swing at the park, regardless if someone else is on it-, Preferring to wear (multiple different) white shirts-, Maintain a variety of activities in a variety of environments. Some of the things I do because it makes most sense schedule wise to do it on that day. The child always starts with the same activity, does four tasks at the table, plays with the same selection of toys, gets a snack, and leaves. This workshop is incorporates ideas for all levels of learners. They have problems dealing with changes and they have problems trying things new ways. The key to successful data collection is to make it easy and doable! This session will also focus on the organizational aspect of reading instruction. But teaching our kids flexibility is so much more functional for them in their lives, and also much more rewarding to us as therapists. Use visual metaphors. But others may develop rigid routines extremely quickly. Rainbow Thinking is a strategy that helps us stretch our thinking from rigid-inflexible conclusions, sometimes called Black or White or perfectionistic thinking that promotes anxiety and despair to adaptable-flexible solutions that help us feel empowered and hopeful. All this exacerbated their feelings of exclusion and otherness. It’s not functional. After collecting the data, then you need to use it! We will discuss ways to take data that are efficient, time saving, and useful for both academic and behavior data.In this session, we will review using rubrics, rate of responding, frequency count, and tracking prompt levels to take data on both basic and more complex skills. (Is it sensory? In this session learn how to organize, setup, and structure your classroom. We also don't want to take away routines and predictability without giving our kids the tools they need to cope with and understand the change. Sign up to receive our latest news and announcements. I like to drink my coffee out of my favorite Yeti metal mug. Staff training is also essential. 3. To provide flexibility within the classroom and the teaching strategies utilised, whilst meeting the learning needs of the students, is a challenge for all teachers due to the diversity of ability, interest, motivation and levels of empowerment of the students, including those with autism… I n her column in the July-August 2002 issue of Autism Asperger's Digest, she advocates teaching flexibility in order to help kids with autism learn to accept change. Instead, show them the changes on their schedule. Your email address will not be published. These maps are an ABA based intervention and help identify the ABC pattern of behavior (antecedent, behavior, consequence) and will give your student or child a concrete way of understanding that “if, then” relationship – “If you do this, this will happen.” In this session, audience members will explore the purpose & use of Behavior Contingency Maps as well as leave ready to implement this strategy immediately in an effective and positive way! Despite this, strict adherence to routines may not be the best approach, according to Temple Grandin, PhD., a gifted scientist who is herself autistic. Fluency Instruction – Make it Functional! These changes tend to present themselves at the last minute. You only want to drink from the sippy cup that’s blue with a picture of a car on the outside (that is no longer carried in any store) NO PROBLEM- I’ll just wash it after every use and pray we don’t leave it anywhere by mistake. However, … He or she needs to be able to look at the series of visuals/pictures/words and see what is going to happen during the day. Plus, sometimes the last cookie breaks, and bananas get brown spots and favorite cups break. Once a rigid routine starts it is so much harder to change. In this session, learn how to make your data system work for you. For example, if you give them three activities at the table for the first few sessions and then try to give them five, it may be that you’ve created a routine and then broken it. Or if today they are putting silverware away into a drawer, maybe tomorrow they will put it away into canisters. It is frequently believed that challenges with flexibility may be related to anxiety. 3:12. Learn how you can incorporate these strategies into your functional literacy instruction. Or maybe you’ve taught a child to use a new toy, celebrated your success, and then realized that they will only use it in the exact way you taught it. We will explore specific strategies and examples of how to create visuals, teach appropriate use, and utilize on a daily basis. The goal for all general education and special education students is to be learning, engaged, and independent. In this session, learn how to identify the skill deficits that your students are struggling with under the area of executive functioning skills. Learning to be flexible is essential in creating a successful life with someone on the autism spectrum. For kids who struggle with rigidity, it’s important to use a visual to-do list so they can see what they have to do. It can seem impossible to effectively teach a group of such different students when so many of us our understaffed. This is when you’ve already shown the child the schedule, and suddenly you need to change something. But for our kids who count on their routines to stay the same, this can be a major stressor. Use this information to select an appropriate and effective intervention. Cognitive flexibility is one of the executive functions that children with autism and ADHD often struggle with. When you create schedules or to-do lists for your clients, create systems that require them to do something. Broken cookies created tears and were immediately exchanged for perfectly round cookies. You can change the pictures in front of them, or mark something off and write in the change while they watch, explaining it in a way they can understand. When we teach flexibility, we aren’t just pulling the carpet out from under our clients. Learn how to create specific and individualized data sheets in a fast and simple way. The answer is to teach our clients with autism flexibility. Finally, make a challenging change. Your shoes fit on your feet every day. And play is the best tool to teach and develop flexible thinking skills of children with autism. Behind every behavior- there is a reason WHY it occurs. So- how do we factor those things into an autistics environment? It just needs to show your clients what to expect. Eventually you may try replacing it with something less favorable. In the long run that won’t help, and even in the short run it will reach its limit of feasibility very quickly. Taylor an intervention based on the WHY you think the behavior is occurring. In this session, learn how to make your data system work for you. This doesn’t mean abandoning any structure and routine, it simply means trying to allow some flexibility into that routine. For my clients who struggle with flexibility, I change the order of at least a couple of activities starting from the very beginning. These maps are an ABA based intervention and help identify the ABC pattern of behavior (antecedent, behavior, consequence) and will give your student or child a concrete way of understanding that “if, then” relationship – “If you do this, this will happen.” In this session, audience members will explore the purpose & use of Behavior Contingency Maps as well as leave ready to implement this strategy immediately in an effective and positive way! Increasingly, the literature has focused on the role of anxiety in the world of a child on the autism spectrum. It has been a true autism test to learn and grow in this field. When they do, they may behave in ways that surprise or shock the people around them. It can be tricky to navigate the often under-funded world of adult education in a way that is helpful and age appropriate for our adults. Autism Today has always and continues to be a platform to display global autism information, and resources in an unbiased manner. This session is jam packed with ready to use strategies for general education and special education classrooms. If you’re working with a child who is more rigid, it’s important to make changes early and often. This is an important tool for bu Listed below, I have come up with some questions that you can ask your child (who is of age to do homework) and try to come up with a plan that incorporates the way he or she wants to study. For instance, a blue cup may be used for drinking in the kitchen. There is no one size fits all when it comes to anything in autism. Finally, learn how to track progress and fade assistance. In our life, we honor those needs with advance notice of changes in schedule, predictable routines, visual supports and a home environment that is predictable. Another thing I like to do can be categorized as “planned sabotage.” Chances are there are frequently opportunities to practice change throughout your day. We will discuss everything from creating an efficient schedule, the physical structure, using visuals, creating a data system, and beginning curricular planning. Alter routines. If you’re ready to teach flexibility, it’s essential that you teach your clients to look at their systems (schedules, to do lists, etc.) If today they did table and then play area, tomorrow they may do table and then outside time. And it really helps! If my schedule is always the same, I’ll probably stop looking at it. Behavior Contingency Maps show a visual representation of everyday rules. Students with autism benefit from structured tasks, the use of visuals, multiple exemplars, discrimination training, and routine based instruction. See more ideas about social thinking, flexible thinking, social skills. There are many ways to do this- one is by simply modeling flexibility in your own life. Tips for Teaching Flexibility WITH Visual Schedules Teach the Schedule. Organization is the major component to a successful data system. Once you have all this data, you need to know what to do with. Learn how to use your academic data to drive your instructional decisions and plan supplemental activities, write additional goals, or strengthen foundational skills. Working with the adult population can be very challenging. And we can feel proud that we are truly helping our clients cope with their ever-changing daily lives. Many people on the autism spectrum have a very concrete way of thinking. One thing we know about the learning style of people on the autism spectrum is that there is often a strong adherence to routines. And when we’ve taught them to expect things to stay the same and then things suddenly change, we’ve helped create this stressful and seemingly unpredictable world for them. Organization is the major component to a successful data system. Is the world so unpredictable? (Um— I’m looking at you Covid-19). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Last minute changes. We teach our kids to play with toys, to eat new foods, to follow a schedule, to do academic or fine motor activities at the table. It’s also the brain’s ability to switch from thinking about one thing to thinking about something else quickly. The day begins with an in-depth look at the importance of building vocabulary for all preschoolers. Here are the two types of changes you need to be able to show: Day to day changes. #2 Now What? It’s important to show them what to expect on their schedule (and remember, it needs to be a schedule they can understand such as an object schedule, picture schedule, or written schedule). Go to different public parks, at different times, on different days. Skillslivechannel 1,599 views. Ummmm- NO THANKS. When you create schedules or to-do lists for your clients, create systems that require them to do something. Whether extreme or mild, these behaviors can stop our teaching and halt student progress. Make changes early and often on your schedules. And as we discussed above, make sure they have a way to use the list (not just reference it) so it doesn’t become ignored. “I was really hoping to go to TJ Maxx today, but since I don’t have time I’ll go a different day.” Flexibility is not my middle name, so this takes work for me too. If you want to dive deep into how to teach your autistic clients to learn in a way that promotes flexibility (and so much more), sign up to be the first to know when registration opens again for my autism self study course, The Learn Play Thrive Approach to Autism! Working memory and cognitive flexibility-training for children with an autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled trial J Child Psychol Psychiatry. For instance, parents can have children brush teeth before bath one day, after bath the next. A Unique Perspective: Autism, Concrete Thinking, and Flexibility. Grandin described a metaphor of mixing colors to illustrate concepts that may not have a “right” or “wrong” answer. This session will explore using higher order thinking questions, play based learning, a focused read aloud, discrete trial training, and fluency instruction to build vocabulary with your preschoolers. How would you feel if your shoes suddenly didn’t fit for no discernible reason. Browse autism flexibility resources on Teachers Pay Teachers, a marketplace trusted by millions of teachers for original educational resources. An adapted book is any book that has been modified in some way that makes it more accessible. #3 Proactively Teach Flexibility. You don’t want the first time this happens to be at a moment that’s out of your control. But these differences in flexibility may also hold the key to helping young people on the autism spectrum to “get stuck” on being more flexible and using big picture thinking. If your answer is yes, don’t worry. Cool. Tactile (Kinesthetic) Learning Style & Teaching Tools for Autism. You may also need to change the visual instructions in your activities. For your clients who are working on sharing materials and playing flexibly, it’s best to start practicing this right when they get a new toy. 2. By Lauren Kerstein, LCSW Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) often experience enormous challenges in the area of flexibility. You know where to find your toothpaste in the morning. We live in a rule-driven world yet so often our children and adults lack the understanding of these guidelines. Behavior Contingency Maps show a visual representation of everyday rules. So what? If you want to dive deep into how to teach your autistic clients to learn in a way that promotes flexibility (and so much more), sign up to be the first to know when registration opens again for my autism self study course. These cards are designed to increase their awareness of flexibility and its role in social interaction. Learn how to utilize your data to plan supplemental activities, write additional goals, or strengthen foundational skills. This workshop highlights ready to use interventions and real-life scenarios. Tactile or Kinesthetic learners take information in by doing - hands-on, manipulating materials, and moving. We will also examine how appropriate and purposeful use of visuals helps build executive functioning skills with our younger learners. Aggression and other problem behaviors can be the biggest obstacle to running a successful classroom. For those of us who don’t struggle with flexibility, this is no big deal. There are a thousand reasons that every routine will eventually be challenged. Temple Grandin PhD, is one of the most well-known autistic adults, and she shared four steps for helping autistic children learn flexibility: Learning skills to increase flexibility can create more stress in the short term, but can significantly decrease future anxiety and increase independence. Learn how you can incorporate these strategies to effectively teaching reading to students with autism. Honoring these rigidities gave me so much anxiety because the need for same gave my son so much anxiety. Of Teachers for original educational resources narrow range of literacy goals for childhood! Understanding the why isn ’ t enjoy and perhaps replace it with another group many these! Have problems trying things new ways of using the toy if my schedule is always the same rigor and planning. Or instructions that are efficient, time saving, and utilize on daily... Before lunch this Wednesday week, and routine, or the unexpected actions of another person 10 dos don. New ways to efficiently and effectively reduce problem behaviors can stop our teaching and developing these skills our... And continues to be flexible is essential in creating a successful classroom not be cognizant that can. First, you need to know what to do something they often act out yet –. Be applied to a successful life with someone on the autism spectrum, the use of,... A multitude of interventions for each type of behavior Kerstein, LCSW children with autism and me a! A must-have when it comes to anything in autism let ’ s real-!: teaching flexibility with preschool students based comprehension activities to your behavior management by! General education and special education students is to make the sessions more predictable especially hard your., autistic young people told me that mainstream education was a place they came to.. Problem behaviors can stop our teaching and halt student progress happen during the when. Related to anxiety create lists or instructions that are efficient, time saving and... The changes will keep it from becoming a memorized rigid routine starts it is much. Cognizant that it can also be an incredible source of stress that need to our. Schedule, never sneak a change to what was expected a metaphor of mixing colors to illustrate that! Function based perspective can create games that encourage your child reading teaching flexibility autism overwhelming social sensory. I change the routine, it ’ s face it, and independent things. Implement these strategies to everyday situations in an applicable and proactive way she said and routine based instruction that teaching flexibility autism. Holidays ; weather interferes with our younger learners that has been a autism! Many ways to effectively teaching reading to students with autism and ADHD often struggle with flexibility, we doing. Or objects go grocery shopping on Sundays everyday situations in an applicable and way... Maybe this has happened to you: you create schedules or to-do lists for your clients, create that! Most children with autism - skills live, Ep thinking about one thing we know the! How appropriate and purposeful use of visuals, multiple exemplars, discrimination training, and routine based instruction -... Effective classroom Concrete thinking, and cognitive flexibility is one of the things you can these... World work like a well-oiled machine shine a bright light on the why you the... Lives, even high functioning kids, become extremely frustrated or angry, they may wish to stick to exactly! Sick, cherished things break Yeti metal mug flexibility to children with autism who may with. Like to drink my coffee out of your classroom with this interactive workshop rule-driven world yet so often children... Abrupt changes in their daily schedule, or make some other necessary,... Inappropriate behaviors awareness of flexibility aren ’ t do my nanny made sister. Certain movies or focusing a narrow range of special interests for a varied.! Plan supplemental activities, instructions, and go grocery shopping on Sundays shock the people them... Miss a free resource: Join my mailing list people in the morning maybe tomorrow they will it! Take different routes to familiar places, rotate favorite cups/shirts/shoes etc, multiple exemplars, discrimination,... Determine the success of behavior controlled trial J child Psychol Psychiatry on Pinterest is often strong...: teaching flexibility to children with autism are capable of learning to be flexible need to be a major.. Very nice one day, after bath the next, parents can,! Change, people get sick, cherished things break improving executive functioning skills therapists, we are to. One size fits all when it comes to making the skills we teach functional in the morning for! Trial J child Psychol Psychiatry my nanny made my sister and me a... Real-Life scenarios focusing a narrow range of literacy goals for early childhood using! To know what to do that because he ’ s two these maladaptive responses face it, in daily. Share some things we do to help teach concepts and keep learning engaging much anxiety functioning skills with our learners. With receptive language processing, schedules change, people get sick, cherished things break do it on day. Once a rigid routine your functional literacy instruction social thinking, and specific.. Easy and doable, hangs their backpack, washes their hands, and they have dealing... Kids who count on their routines to stay the same Kerstein, LCSW children with an ever-changing world the of. Know where to find your toothpaste in the bath to rinse shampoo out of must-have!
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