Aphids, also known as plant lice are soft-bodied, sucking insects.They feed on plant sap and excrete a sugary honeydew that attracts ants and creates the conditions for sooty mold, a type of fungus (saprophytic) that feeds on decaying organic matter. The main species of aphids attacking beans are Aphis fabae Scopoli and Aphis craccivora Koch.A.fabae is a small-sized dull-black insect (1.5–2 mm), sometimes with a segmented abdomen that is marked with a powdery secretion. Advanced. It is about as general as a scientific name can get for an aphid. Aphids have a cauda, which is a rectal protrusion. It is invasive, spreading with ease, establishing readily, and having considerable economic impact on cultivated roses. The following are ranked with the pesticides having the greatest IPM value listed first—the most effective and least harmful to natural enemies, honey bees, and the environment are at the top of the table. Worldwide. Small to medium-sized to elongate oval or pear-shaped Distribution. Common Name. Severity of damage varies widely depending on pressure and other variables present in the field, although yield losses ranging from 10% to 15% are not uncommon. This honeydew may be produced in sufficient quantities to cause the surface of leaves to become sticky. Worldwide. A. craccivora transmitted the virus in a persistent manner (Abraham et al., 2006). UC Management Guidelines for Spotted Alfalfa Aphid on Alfalfa. CLA can also vector cucumber and lettuce mosaic virus although this has not been observed in infested crops. in length. Aphids have six legs, long antennae, a long sucking mouthpart, a bulbous soft body, and most notably, the species typically found on cannabis have two fairly long cornicles (see Other Common Pest Aphids). Cannabis aphid varies from yellow to light green and It is blue-green in colour and less than 2 mm (1/12 in.) In field studies in Turkey, 10% of aphids of A. craccivora were viruliferous with Plum pox virus-T (Caglayan et al., 2013). Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov, 1913) Common Names. The ends of branches can deform and and wilt as a result of this constant feeding. current-lettuce aphid. Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. Aphidoidea is a scientific name for an aphid.Specifically, the name designates the superfamily to which aphids belong. Adult potato aphids can measure from 1.7 to 3.6 millimeters long and have elongated bodies. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page M. rosae disperses through winged migration, but mainly via the transportation of infested host-plant material (especially ornamental roses). By Iñaki García. Other plants near infested ones are also at risk because the aphids can spread a plant virus, further impacting nurseries or gardens. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Queensland grain producers are urged to keep a look out for Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia).First detected in SA and Victoria in 2016, Russian wheat aphid quickly moved to NSW and Tasmania, and has recently been detected in Western Australia. They can be found inside the wrapper leaves and hearts of iceberg lettuce varieties. Aphis gossypii. Treatment is rarely needed due to effective biological control. By Iñaki García. Oleander Aphids use their mouthparts to poke into the plant stem and then siphon plant juices, damaging the plant's overall health. The name Chickpea chlorotic stunt virus was proposed for this disease. By Iñaki García. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Nasonovia ribisnigri (Mosley, 1841) Common Names. Aphids secrete honeydew which is emitted from the anus; the honeydew consists mainly of excess sap ingested by the insect, to which are added excess sugars and waste materials. Typically, you will see wingless forms on plants, but aphids do produce winged forms. Most aphids are wingless but they reproduce winged ones when the host plant quality is low and many aphids are present. Scientific Name. Scientific Name: Myzus persicae (green peach aphid), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid), other aphids. Pink strain of the potato aphid commonly infests tomatoes. Scientific Name(s) Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, C. minor Type Arthropod (or insect) Leaf Condition ... Immature aphids, called nymphs, can go from birth to adulthood in less than two weeks so populations have the potential to increase rapidly. They have cornicles, which is a pair of abdominal tubes. An index of insects, spiders, and other arthropods profiled on this site, sorted alphabetically by Like most websites we use cookies. Aphid colour is not a reliable way of distinguishing species. Melon or cotton aphid. There are several aphid species, all belonging to the insect family Aphididae, that are capable of attacking any type of vegetation. Russian wheat aphid. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. When we refer to aphids, or plant lice, we usually mean a super family of insects which includes over 4,000 species of plant-specific parasites.They are not longer than about 0.16 inch, have a bulbous abdomen and can be many different colors. Potato aphids may be pale green to yellowish or pinkish. Rhopalosiphum maidis. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. Identification The corn leaf aphid is the most common aphid found in corn. Deadwood corners, insect hotels or lacewing boxes provide beneficial organisms with a good opportunity of setting in your garden. They are opaque in appearance rather than shiny. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. Corn leaf aphids … Therefore, the pea aphid is more accurately described as a species complex. Aphids have large and explicit mouthparts: the stylets. • Aphids have a whole host of natural predators that are found in your garden; earwigs, hoverflies, lacewings and ladybirds to name but a few. It has a pear-shaped body with two cornicles at the tip of the abdomen. Contents. Potato aphids (scientific name: Macrosiphum euphorbiae) are originally from North America but are now widely dispersed throughout the world.While this species prefers Solanaceae (potato in particular), potato aphids can also be found in other plant species from more than 20 families. Scientific Name Rhopalosiphum maidis. Genus Melanaphis [Aphidini] . In general, this pest causes severe damage to beans in warm weather, especially in medium-rainfall areas of the region. If aphids are present in large numbers, this feeding may cause a reduction in plant vigor and growth rates, as well as leaf puckering, reduced pod/seed counts, and ultimately reduced yield. The aphids are mostly in the whorls of leaves and on the tassels in the upper parts of the plants.When populations increase some of the aphids are born with wings allowing … Distribution. When we refer to aphids, or plant lice, we usually mean a super family of insects which includes over 4,000 species of plant-specific parasites.They are not longer than about 4 millimetre, have a bulbous abdomen and can be many different colours. Identification Green peach aphids are uniformly creamy white, green or pink. Currant lettuce aphids prefer to feed on new leaves. Adult aphids, or plant lice as they are sometimes called, are usually green, but can be brown, yellow, pink, or black, depending upon the species. 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