Jupiter is the Roman god of the Sky. Raging Mars of the Roman pantheon was the god of war and the passions that fed it. He was held as a primary god of the Roman religion and mythology, second only to Jupiter, chief of the gods. Keep reading to learn about why Mars was important in ancient Rome, and continues to be today! The god of war, Mars was identified as strong, clever, masculine, moody and vain. Characters from Roman mythology Like Zeus, Jupiter was believed to reside at […] He was considered the protector of Rome. He was an agricultural guardian. Greek mythology predates Roman mythology over 1,000 years. Venus: goddess of beauty and love. War is also equated with bloodshed, and as the planet Mars has a red colour to it, it was named after the Roman god. The first major difference between Roman gods and Greek gods is the time period. Mars was the god of war, death, and protector of the Roman state and its Caesars. Diana: goddess of hunting and the moon, protector of rivers and springs. Ares, in Greek religion, god of war or, more properly, the spirit of battle. M : Mater Matuta: Mater Matuta was an indigenous Roman goddess in Roman Mythology, whom the Romans eventually made equivalent to the dawn goddess Aurora: Mars: Mars the God of War: Memnon Ares: Ares was the god of war and battle, the patron of warriors. If there is a Greek god, there will be a Roman counterpart. God of justice and truth. Names of Gods of War: Description / Roles of the Goddesses and Gods of War. Minerva: daughter of Jupiter, protector of warriors, truth and wisdom. In some Latin mythology, Cupid was the son of Venus and Mars, the god of war. He was the mythic father of Romulus and Remus, the twin sons born by Rhea Silvia, who founded the city of Rome. Did you know that the term “Martial Arts” is derived from “Mars”? His name is derived from the Greek root word diu, meaning “bright.” Jupiter’s equivalent in Greek mythology is Zeus. The Roman god of war, Mars, might have shared his stories with the Greek god Ares, but the two were very different. While Roman gods and Greek gods share the same powers and responsibilities, they have many differences. Mars is the god of war as per the Roman mythology. He was also the chief of the pantheon of the gods, as well as a protector of the Roman state. In Roman mythology, Mars (Ares in Greek mythology) is the God of War. Mars is nearly identical to Ares, the Greek god of war. As with most major gods and goddesses in Roman mythology, the literary concept of Venus is mantled in whole-cloth borrowings from the literary Greek mythology of her counterpart, Aphrodite. Mars: goddess of war. Jupiter: god of heaven and firmament, responsible for rains and thunders. He was among the most prominent Roman gods, second only to Jupiter. Greek Gods Predated Roman Gods. 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