Eastern Indigo Snake Drymarchon couperi. Eastern Indigo Snake 3 | Page vehicle strikes, captures for domestication, and intentional killings (Kendrick and Mengak 2010, Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001). Eastern indigos had been noticeably absent at TNC’s Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve (ABRP) since the last ones were spotted 1982. U.S.FWS Species profile about species listing status, federal register publications, recovery, critical habitat, conservation planning, petitions, and life history. Capturing specimens for the pet trade industry and loss of habitat were two factors reported as reasons for its population decline and listing as a threatened species. The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) has a number of common names: indigo, blue indigo snake, black snake, gopher snake, blue gopher snake, and blue bull snake. Every acre we protect, every river mile restored, every species brought back from the brink, begins with you. An ongoing reintroduction program has An adult Eastern indigo snake, the longest native snake in North America. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Orianne Society, the Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Gulf Power, the Fish and Wildlife Foundation of Florida, the U.S. Forest Service and Florida Department of Environmental Protection. The rest of the year, it lives in burrows made by other animals in the dry, sandy soils of old pine forests in Georgia and Florida. This slow, gentle, non-poisonous snake can grow as long as 8 feet. Juvenile Eastern Indigo Snake next to an egg – Dirk Stevenson. Terms of Use Finding an Eastern Indigo snake … Work alongside TNC staff, partners and other volunteers to care for nature, and discover unique events, tours and activities across the country. “The species was listed as federally threatened under the Endangered Species Act in 1978 and has yet to fully recover. The eastern indigo snake is carnivorous, like all snakes, and will eat any other small animalit can overpower. the eastern indigo snake, red-cockaded woodpecker, gopher tortoise, gopher frog, and the flatwoods salamander. There is no good reason to kill a snake except in the unlikely situation of a venomous snake posing immediate danger to people or pets. Gulf coast indigo snake, Indigo Snake, Racer. The Eastern Indigo snake is a large snake that can grow to more than 8 feet in length. At the beginning of 2020, I gave a presentation on the history of Eastern Indigo Snake conservation at the 9 th World Congress of Herpetology. It regularly attains lengths of six feet, with some individuals reaching lengths of eight and a half feet. Chemosensory studies with mice (Mus musculus) have shown that D. couperi responds with significantly elevated rates of tongue flicking and investigation towards visual cu… As this flora returned, so did the gopher tortoises, bobwhite quail and Florida pine snakes. It was a great opportunity to share the extensive work that has gone into stabilizing and protecting indigo snake populations across the southeast with an … Eastern indigo snakes are the longest native snake in North America! It also confers protection to federally listed endangered and threatened species throughout the area. A daytime hunter, it was once a common sight throughout Florida, Georgia, southern Alabama and southeastern Mississippi. These large and thick-bodied snakes are glossy black and have iridescent purple or blue highlights when viewed in sunlight. Its color is uniformly a lustrous black, although the chin, throat, and sometimes the cheeks may be red to creamy in color. United States Environmental Protection Agency, About the Endangered Species Protection Program, Assessing Pesticides Under the Endangered Species Act, Endangered Species: Information For Pesticides Users, Litigation on Endangered Species and Pesticides. In fact, these snakes are a federally threatened species under the Endangered … Apalachicola Bluffs was not an arbitrary choice for the snakes’ return. An ongoing reintroduction program has “Patient restoration efforts, including groundcover restoration, prescribed burns and replanting, have fully restored the ABRP, part of a region that is now considered one of the five most important biological hotspots in North America,” said David Printiss, TNC North Florida Program Manager. Range: Florida, and the coastal plain of southern Georgia (but range once included southernmost Alabama and southeastern Mississippi) What Happened: The species all but disappeared due to longleaf … Historical Range and Habitat – Gopher Tortoise, Eastern Indigo Snake and Gopher Frog Ayesha: Coming back to the species that share the sandhill ecosystem, how about we focus on these three: gopher tortoise, gopher frog, and the eastern indigo snake. Rare. 2. Drymorchon couperi (Eastern Indigo Snake), a threatened species of the southeastern Coastal Plain of the United States, has experienced population declines because of extensive habitat loss and degradation across its range. In fact, these snakes are a federally threatened species under the Endangered … It is also protected in Alabama under the non-game regulation. The plan is to release about 300 eastern indigo snakes into the preserve over the next 10 years. The only missing piece was the eastern indigo. Stand up for our natural world with The Nature Conservancy. Unfortunately, this staple reptile’s survival is at risk, especially in Alabama. The eastern indigo snake is a As such, a Federal Permit is required to move these snakes across state lines. At the beginning of 2020, I gave a presentation on the history of Eastern Indigo Snake conservation at the 9 th World Congress of Herpetology. Endangered Species Eastern Indigo Snake. Under the Endangered Species Act the US Fish and Wildlife Service has listed the eastern indigo snake as “threatened.” With this designation, individuals who harm or harass the indigo snake may be subject to fines and jail terms. 2011). Fast Facts. Endangered. In 1978, eastern indigos were federally listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Diet may include fish, frogs, toads, snakes, lizards, … Eastern indigo snake is part of WikiProject Amphibians and Reptiles, an effort to make Wikipedia a standardized, informative, comprehensive and easy-to-use resource for amphibians and reptiles.If you would like to participate, you can choose to edit this article, or visit the project page for more information. One potential measure of the health and recovery of this species is the presence of gopher tortoises. I will not sell these snakes outside of California without the proper permits. It forages on a variety of small animals, including both venomous and non-venomous snakes, and serves a critical function as an apex predator that is important for a healthy and … A qualified observer/biologist will be on-site for notification by construction personnel if a potential indigo snake is sighted. 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