Geographical conditions required for growing cotton are: (i) Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. Cotton is a tropical or sub-tropical crop grown in semi-arid areas of the country (mainly in the Deccan Plateau). Some weeding is required to help grow the plants. It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Abundant sunshine and no rain is required during ripening and picking period. Kharif. Grows well in alluvial soils. Gujarat and Maharastra are the two leading cotton … Light rainfall, 210 frost free days, bright sunshine for its growth. Describe four geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton. Processes involved in its cultivation. Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Immediately after this, the cotton fluff should be picked. Clear sunshine & proper moisture level during boll formation is required. Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil. Cotton Cultivation – Growing Cotton from Seed . Cultivation of Cotton & Jute in India Jute and Cotton are natural Fibres. 2.Annual temperature required 20°-28°C. Describe the geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton. It is grown in black clayey soil with warm climate. By using a holistic approach, BCI aims to make cotton cultivation better for the people who produce it, better for the … Cotton is the most important among the natural plant fibers and land for cotton cultivation covers large areas of the planet. It does not do well in regions that have prolonged dry or wet spells. Q.12. The soil temperature must be 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher for cotton seeds to successfully germinate. High temperature required. Cotton is a fibre crop and it provides the raw material for cotton textiles. Despite the global area devoted to cotton cultivation remaining constant for the past 70 years, cotton production has depleted and degraded the soil in many areas. d. Temperature- above 21 C . Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfallis essential for the cultivation ofcotton. Name the fibre crops and the climatic conditions required for their growth. Summer temperatures of 21°C to 27°C, and abundant sunshine is necessary during the growth of the plant. Answer: Cotton plant needs 20 °C to 32 °C of temperature and at least 200 frost free days. For example, they are trained to use water and pesticides more efficiently, promote safe working conditions and care for the health of the soil. India has a major share of cultivation of jute and cotton of the world. The share of Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the World-wide Jute cultivation. Grows well in black and alluvial soil. The possibilities of improving any Cotton plant for a better production per acre are almost unlimited. Hard-frost is injurious to cotton cultivation and it requires at least 210 frost-free days. A large amount of labour and capital are required. The cotton bolls appear in about 6 months. Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. Soil: Fertile alluvial soil or mixed soil is ideal for wheat cultivation. The ideal conditions for the production of cotton are: Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil.Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. The main cotton-producing districts of Karnataka are Haveri, Dharwad, Gadag, Mysuru, Ballari, Raichur, Kalaburagi, Belagavi, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Koppal and Vijayapura. Jute and cotton are fibre crops. The growth of the cotton plant is very predictable under favorable moisture and temperature conditions. (c) Soil:- Alluvial soil is best suited Region :- Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the two largest producers of sugarcane. A perennial, cotton grows in tropical and subtropical locations. In the primary stage cold moisture rich climate and at the time of harvesting bright hot climate is required. Due to climate, the growing areas are limited to a belt of 30° south and north from the equator (see Fig. In India, cotton is mainly cultivated in the states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. 3. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious. But cottonbursts out, high temperature is injurious. The cotton plant grows to a height of more than 1 metre. When its plant starts flowering, they give flowers of yellowish-white colour which turns red after few days. Growth follows a well-defined and consistent pattern expressed in days. The geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton, the most important fibre crop of India are as follows : Cotton is a kharif crop and requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation, … (iii) It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Although cotton can be grown between latitudes 30° N and 30° S, yield and fibre quality are considerably influenced by climatic conditions, and best qualities are obtained with high moisture levels resulting from rainfall or irrigation during the growing season and a dry, warm season during the picking period. Answer : (i)The word agriculture is derived from the Latin words agri – meaning soil – and culture – meaning cultivation or tilling of soil. Cultivation of Jute in India Jute is an important natural fibre. 2.3).The largest cotton producing areas are located in the USA, China, Paraguay, Mexico, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, the C.I.S., Turkey, Sudan and Egypt. 4.200 frost free days. The cotton plant requires high temperature ranging between 21 0 C to 30 0 C. Moderate rainfall ranging between 50 -75 cm is required fro the growth of plant. Rainfall: 50 cm to 100 cm rainfall is required for wheat cultivation. (b) Rainfall :- Annual rainfall should be between 75 cm and 100 cm, irrigation needed where low rainfall takes place. It’s … (i) Temperature : Cotton needs a warm climate. Ans. is one of the most important fibre producing plants. With so much cotton being produced globally, we have to take a closer look at some of the issues, concerns, and solutions to the production of this so-called “white gold” and ask – just how ethical is cotton? 4. OR. Conditions required for Cotton cultivation. Answer : Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the two major cotton producing states of North India. The Ganga delta […] Geographical Conditions of Growth: This is grown mainly as a dry crop. This is … Rainfall more than 85cm can destroy the crop. c. Type- kharif crop . The sticky black cotton soil of Deccan Trap with greater moisture retaining capacity is ideal for cotton cultivation. (v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth. It grows well in the drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the major fibre crops of India. Heavy rainfall. Ans. Cotton requires a lot of water but is mostly grown in arid conditions. Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton: 2. As it happens with tomato, pepper and other plants, cotton plants are perennial by nature. To explain the economic importance of cotton cultivation, it can be explained in this way: Cotton In many countries cotton (Gossypium spp.) (iv) It’s a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature. What geographical conditions are required for the growth of tea and coffee? Climatic conditions required for their growth are: Cotton - Cotton requires high temperature, light rainfall, two hundred and ten frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Cotton cultivation severely degrades soil quality. 50-120 cm of rainfall well distributed during the period of growth. Soil Requirement for Cotton Production:-Cotton can be cultivated in a wide range of soils. The climatic condition for cotton cultivation is mentioned below : Seventy percent of cotton is rainfed. b. 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